Venous stasis dermatitis is a condition that affects the veins in your lower legs. It can cause skin problems like redness, swelling, and itching. If left untreated, venous stasis dermatitis can lead to more serious health problems. In this article, we will discuss what venous stasis dermatitis is, the symptoms you should look out for, and how to get rid of it!
What Is Venous Stasis Dermatitis?
Venous stasis dermatitis is a skin condition in which blood does not flow properly through your veins, causing edema (swelling) and pain. When more fluid and pressure accumulate, some of the blood leaks from your veins and into your skin.
Thrombophlebitis, also known as vein eczema or stasis dermatitis, is an inflammation of blood vessels caused by blocked veins. It affects more people over the age of 50. Women are more prone to it than men.
He or she may require prescription medications and/or treatment, and there are things you can do on your own to manage the situation.
Symptoms of Venous Stasis Dermatitis
The swelling around your ankles is generally the first indication of venous stasis dermatitis that you’ll notice. When you sleep, it may go away, but it will return during the day when you’re active again. When you stand or walk, your legs might feel weighted.
Common symptoms of this disease include:
- Your ankles are reddish, yellowish, or brown in color.
- Varicose veins have a twisting, bloated look and are blue or purple in color.
- Sores that ooze, crust, or appear scaly are indications of venous stasis dermatitis.
- Your ankles or shins have gotten thicker.
- Hair loss on the ankles or shins is a common problem.
Causes of Venous Stasis Dermatitis
People who have circulation problems are more likely to get varicose dermatitis. Your veins don’t function properly when your circulation is poor, so they aren’t able to return blood to your heart as they should.
Veins in your legs have one-way valves that aid blood circulation. Their responsibility is to propel blood up your legs. The valves in your veins may not function as they should as you grow older or have other health concerns. Venous insufficiency is a condition in which the veins do not work properly.
This happens when the veins in your feet are blocked because of a medical condition (such as varicose veins), and gravity pulls blood back into your legs. When this occurs, pressure builds inside your body. Not enough blood and oxygen reach your skin. The following factors make you more likely to get venous stasis dermatitis:
High blood pressure, varicose veins, and being rather overweight are all causes of venous stasis dermatitis. Heart diseases such as congestive heart failure can also contribute to this disease. Kidney failure, blood clots, and other conditions.
If you frequently stand or sit for lengthy periods of time, or don’t get enough exercise, you’re more likely to develop venous stasis dermatitis.
How To Treat Venous Stasis Dermatitis
If your circulation is the problem, your doctor may advise on vein surgery. There are alternative treatments for getting the fluid moving in your legs, even if that isn’t an option:
- Compression stockings might help with persistent or severe venous stasis dermatitis, as well as reduce pain and discomfort. They also aid in the reduction of swelling and increase blood flow.
- Keep your feet raised above your heart. Do it for 15 minutes every two hours while you sleep if possible.
- Don’t stand for long periods of time. Take a walk in the room or outside every so often.
Your doctor may prescribe a steroid or other medicine to apply to your ankles and legs if you have pain, redness, or swelling. If your legs are itchy, an antihistamine pill or lotion might assist.
To assist the wound healing, you may want to cover it with a medicated dressing. Your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic pill or cream if you have an infection.
Choose a moisturizer for dry skin that will keep the area supple. Choose one that doesn’t have any smell, dyes, or fragrances to avoid irritating your skin. Petroleum jelly and thick creams are two excellent choices.
Take Care of Your Health
Making a few modifications to your regular routine might aid in the treatment and prevention of venous stasis dermatitis.
If you work in an environment that keeps you sitting or standing for lengthy periods of time, take some time to move about. Every hour, go for a 10-minute walk.
Working out improves blood flow. Inquire your doctor as to how often you should exercise and what activities are safe for you.
Compression stockings are a wonderful option for your legs, but the rest of your body should be dressed in comfortable clothes. Fabric that is tight or scratchy can irritate your skin and reduce circulation.
Your skin may be sensitive. When you bathe, use only mild cleansers and gentle towels, followed quickly by a fragrance-free moisturizer. Avoid cleaning chemicals, fragrances, grass, plants, pet hair, or any other irritant to your skin.
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